Interested in do it yourself solar panels? First it pays to understand a little about how solar panels work.
What are Solar Panels?
Solar panels comprise complex arrays of photo-voltaic cells. These P-V cells accumulate sun energy and turn it into electricity.
Though solar panel systems look complex, technically they are really quite easy – even for the layman – to put together.
The size of solar panels depends on the number of photo-voltaic modules they incorporate.
These P-V modules are held together by special wiring systems and work as a field unit.
To create the exterior of the solar panel a range of materials are suitable including fiberglass, metal, simple glass or even plastic.
How Do They Work?
For solar panels to function as they should, there are some practical conditions to be met.
- First, in order to accumulate and pass on the electric charge the cells in the solar panels have to be connected with each other.
- Being quite fragile, the solar panels have to be protected from the outside environment. Threats include hail, heavy snow and strong winds. Solar panels made from wafer-based silicon cells are particularly vulnerable and liable to crumble easily if not properly shielded from the elements.
- Metal corrosion due to excessive moisture is another potential problem that can dramatically reduce the life and performance of your panels. Avoid this by incorporating insulation cover against moisture into the panel.
- Can overheating of the cells be an issue? Not if you integrate diodes into the solar panel structure – these can be set up to reduce temperature automatically. And manufacturers and do it yourself solar panels practitioners can also incorporate ventilation into the design of the solar panels.
Types of Solar Panels
While normally rigid, solar panels can be flexible if based on thin film cells. Energy production costs and overall solar panel efficiency is more favorable where the construction combines mirrors and lenses together to focus solar energy on the cells.
Photovoltaic systems can supply up to 80% of the energy needs of the average household. With rapidly dwindling energy resources, and soaring energy costs more and more people are getting serious about alternative energy sources.
Do It Yourself Solar Panels are a great option for anyone who can do simple soldering, is easy to do, and will save thousands of dollars on the average system.
Here’s how to DIY Solar Panels: